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The status and needs for implementation of Fire Safety Engineering approach in Europe

Support to policies and standards for sustainable construction


Publication date
Athanasopoulou, A.; Sciarretta, F., Sousa, M.L.; Dimova, S.
Publication type
JRC report
JRC Number


Fire safety in the built environment remains a major societal issue, despite improvements achieved over the past decades thanks to the continuous adjustments and implementation of fire safety strategies in the European countries. Fire Safety Engineering (FSE) deals with the application of engineering methods to the development or assessment of designs in the built environment, through the analysis of specific fire scenarios or through the quantification of risk for a group of fire scenarios.
This report presents the results of an enquiry, organised and coordinated by the European Commission, namely JRC, in the period November 2020-October 2021 addressed to the principal fire regulators of all EU MS, 3 EFTA MS (Iceland, Norway and Switzerland) and 2 countries with National Standardisation Bodies members of European Standardisation Committee CEN (United Kingdom and Serbia). The enquiry was performed through a questionnaire; it aimed to collect and assess the information necessary to facilitate the provision of guidance to the EU/EFTA MS for a wider application of the fire safety engineering approach and its possible incorporation in the national regulatory framework and/or national practices.
It is concluded that the FSE approach is not fully implemented at the current state, even in case of recently issued or updated national regulations. In principle, the need to implement the performance-based approach in the future is widely acknowledged in the countries. Work has to be done to ensure the availability of performance-based methods for fire design, the feasibility of FSE-based fire design, especially for innovative buildings, and the standardisation supporting the definition of design scenarios, design fire and safety criteria.


The status and needs for implementation of Fire Safety Engineering approach in Europe
(3.11 MB - PDF)


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